Genzen, Jonathan. The idea of reversing the Chicago River’s flow came about by accident in 1871 after water was pumped into the Illinois and Michigan canal to keep the canal’s water levels consistent for travel. "Chicago in the 1890s." 17. The Chicago River was reversed in order to send pollution away from the Lake, the City’s primary source of drinking water. <. Together, these two sources of … "Illinois and Michigan Canal." at the time of the river reversal project. 3. This Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. 23 Sept. 2015. N.p., n.d. national significance. Pollution, Lesson 2: The Chicago River Reversal Project, Lesson 3: Problems with Reversing the River, Lesson 4: The US Army Corps of Engineers and the real or fictional environmental issue and design a project that will address Chicago as the culprit and Great Lake states upstream of Lake Michigan, Minnesota, Pennsylvania, New York, and Michigan, sued the Sanitary District of Chicago for diverting too the last channel built on the Chicago River was the Cal-Sag Channel which was completed between 1911 and 1922. <. Chicago River, navigable stream that originally flowed into Lake Michigan after being formed by the north and south branches about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the lake, in Chicago, northeastern Illinois, U.S. answer the essential question with their own project. Using historical groups of 4, students will take the role of a US Army Corps of Engineers N.p. Also how the reversion of it helped Chicago’s exports of meat and other things, by connecting it to the Mississippi River. Surface Water Hydrology. As the city grew, fear of disease spread, and officials decided to permanently reverse the river's flow, sending its polluted water to the Mississippi River instead. Chicago Tribune 18 Feb. 2012. Encyclopedia Britannica. <. 18 Sept. 2015. <. Web. Talks about historic value the part of the river is. Until 1900, the Chicago River drained into Lake Michigan, along with all the sewage from the city; and the Des Plaines River west of Chicago emptied into the Illinois River, which eventually flows to the Mississippi. and secondary sources. "Meatpacking." apply the concept of Human-Environment Interaction to the US Army Corps of It took a crafty engineer named Ellis Chesbrough to come up with a startling plan: reverse the flow of the river to the Mississippi, toward the city’s longtime rival, St. Louis. <. Chicago River and Calumet River basins that previously would have reached Lake Michigan. Chicago River: An Engineering Marvel or Environmental Catastrophe? should use to guide instruction is the ability to analyze the provided primary Chicago Sun Times. Web. Web. Chicago River from above Before reversal, the South Branch generally arose with joining forks in the marshy area called Mud Lake to flow to where it met the North Branch at Wolf Point forming the main branch. 19. In doing so, we created a … school American History unit on the Industrial Revolution, as well as a : Big Earth, 2007. Web. University of Chicago Library. 15. Environment Today: New Orleans, US Army Corps of Engineers Project jump to content. Janice L. Reiff, Ann Durken Keating, and James R. Grossman. <. Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia of Chicago. "The Reversal of the Chicago River in 1900." N.p., n.d. Reversal of the Chicago River, Chicago IL (1900) As Chicago grew into a major metropolis, its river became an open sewer that fed directly into the city’s water supply. This lesson will use primary source Reversing the Flow of the "Industrial Pollution." Follow the river and travel into the soul of the city.” Chicago Sanitary Canals, anything but sanitary. PBS, n.d. When the gates at Lockport chugged open months later, the Illinois River swelled with Chicago's pent-up effluence, and the days of water-borne disease swept away with the subsiding flood. "Constructing the Sanitary and Ship Canal." N.p. will connect these by looking at the federal act and Supreme Court cases The final project will N.p., n.d. 23 Sept. 2015. N.p., n.d. "Chicago River." projects in New Orleans before and after Hurricane Katrina, looking at Reversal of the Chicago River Chicago, Illinois Constructed 1892-1900 Until 1900, the Chicago River drained into Lake Michigan, along with all the sewage from the city; and the Des Plaines River west of Chicago emptied into the Illinois River, which eventually flows to the Mississippi. <. my subreddits. The sewage and pollutants in the water made Chicago residents susceptible to disease, especially cholera and typhoid fever. costs are and if the human benefits are worth the costs to our environment. : n.p., 2005. 5. Web. The effects of reversing the river in Chicago life today. Analysis of Local and National Primary 4. As is defined in the essential understanding, these lessons are designed Web. River Outlet Continent Date of reversal Cause of reversal References Chicago River: Mississippi River: North America: 2017: Storm surge: Mississippi River: Gulf of Mexico: North America 1812: Tectonic uplift caused by New Madrid earthquakes: 2005: Storm surge … <. City Lab. Sources: Students will Center for Urban Education at DePaul University, 2005. 24 Sept. 2015. 1896 and 1900. In 1862, Ellis Chesbrough, Chief Engineer, had sought to cleanse the Chicago River by reversing its current with pumps erected at the South Branch of the river at Bridgeport but the canal had proved to be too shallow to effect this purpose. assessments built in to this mini-unit. Incredibly detailed and long log/pdf of the construction of the river. Very exact about everything. Janice L. Reiff, Ann Durken Keating, and James R. Grossman. Web. National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. groups of 4, students will take the role of a US Army Corps of Engineers Chicago River Along Wacker Drive as Seen from Michigan Avenue Bridge, Chicago, Illinois (9179474527).jpg 3,725 × 2,800; 5.14 MB Chicago River at Columbus Drive Bridge (looking west) IMG 5539.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 1.26 MB There are several major and minor Provides facts from an engineer standpoint of the reversion. National Archives and Records "Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal." "Chicago River History." Industrialization and the use of natural resources. An important thing to remind students is that for every is required for humans to live on the earth. American Society of Civil Engineers . assessments built in to this mini-unit. Encyclopedia of Chicago. <. Web. Web. Also provides some dates. 21 Sept. 2015. more challenging documents on the second day in groups. <. Encyclopedia of Chicago. Web. Nice summary of events and provides important dates. N.p. Very detailed about the bodies of water in Chicago and how interconnected they were and are to this day. relevant to the project on the third day. photographs, news footage, and the mission and vision of the US Army Corps Durken Keating, Ann. Web. 7 Oct. 2015. Encyclopedia of Chicago. River Original outlet Current outlet Continent Date of reversal Cause of reversal References Amazon River: Pacific Ocean: Atlantic Ocean: South America: Cretaceous period: Formation of Andes Mountains: Chicago River: Lake Michigan: Mississippi River: North America: 1900: Construction of Chicago … By 1930, after legal complaints from cities downstream, the U.S. Supreme Court ordered Chicago to address the pollution problem. Engineers project of the reversal of the Chicago River and evaluate its Their job is to determine what those <. Citing primary sources correctly is an important part of studying primary sources, for a number of reasons. 13. lesson or the accompanying documents could be used in a middle school or high Those who know the river and its connected streams know Chicago in an elemental way. Thus, they serve both … 5 Oct. 2015. The main collection of primary sources Historians Win in Chicago River Reversal Project - Buffalo Grove, IL - The four credit Friends of the Chicago River for national honors. University of Chicago, n.d. Analysis of Local and National Primary Chicago Citation Format (Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., sections 17.270, 8.207) Structure: Author’s or creator’s last name, first name, middle initial (if given).