It was previously known as Derbend and today, it is known as Derbent which comes from the Persian word Darband meaning “barred gate”. Historically, this position allowed the rulers of Derbent to control land traffic between the Eurasian Steppe and the Middle East . In ancient times Derbent was known as the “Caspian Gates.” Due to its ideal strategic position on the Caspian coast locked between the mountains and the … Derbent is Dagestan’s second-largest city and one of the oldest cities in the world. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. used to defend against barbarians to the north of the Caucasus. Source for information on Caspian Gates: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Tour Guide +994 55 742 08 20. email@example.com. It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. Caspian Gates: see Derbent, Russia. of Da ghestan, on the western shore of the Caspian, 42° 4' N., 48° 15' E. Pop. Heydar Aliyev avenue, 20, 1014 Baku, Azerbaijan. (1926) 23,111. 2. The Fortifications of Derbent (also transcribed as Darband) are one of the fortified defense lines built by the Persian Sasanian Empire to protect the eastern passage of the Caucasus Mountains (the "Caspian Gates") against the attacks of the nomadic peoples of the Pontic–Caspian steppe. www.world-archaeology.com CurrentWorldArChAeology 19 D ariali Gorge was a place ... the Caspian coastal defences at Derbent, formed a cornerstone in Persia’s efforts to keep steppe warriors at bay. Derbent is nevertheless undoubtedly a very ancient place dating back to the Classical Era. The gates were a popular subject in medieval travel literature, starting with the Alexander Romance in a version from perhaps the 6th century. Derbent is a city found in Dagestan, Russia situated between the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian Sea in the far end of Eurasia. Derbent (Roushie: Дербе́нт; Azerbaijani: Dərbənd; Lezgian: Кьвевар; Avar: Дербенд; Lak: Чурул / Churul; Persian: دربند; Judæo-Tat: דארבּאנד / Дэрбэнд / Dərbənd) is a ceety in the Republic o Dagestan, Roushie, close tae the Azerbaijani border. Casper; Caspian Sea; Look at other dictionaries: Caspian Gates — Passes in the Caucasus Mountains north of Georgia (Iberia [q.v.]) The Gates of Alexander are most commonly identified with the Caspian Gates of Derbent whose thirty north-looking towers used to stretch for forty kilometers between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains, effectively blocking the passage across the Caucasus. Located 121km to the southeast of capital city Makhachkala, the city of Derbent is the second largest city of the Republic of Dagestan. Derbent Derbent is a city in the southeast Russian republic of Dagestan. It was known to the Arabs as Bāb al Abwab, or Gate of Gates, and to the Turks as Demirkapı, or Iron Gate. Derbent is situated on the western shores of the Caspian Sea, in present-day Dagestan. Caspian Gates: see Derbent Derbent, city (1989 pop.  Later historians would regard these legends as false: Show Map. The population of Derbent is about 121,000 (2015), the area - 69.63 sq. Located on a narrow strip of land between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus Mountains in the far western end of Eurasia, is the city of Derbent. Historically, Derbent's strategic position allowed it to control Eurasian traffic, and the city boasts massive fortifications dating to the 6th century CE. The pass of Derbent (Middle Iranian name is uncertain) was located on a narrow, three-kilometer strip of land in the North Caucasus between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains. The phone code - +7 87240, the postal code - 368600. Derbent's location has been key to controlling the north–south invasion and trade route along the W Caspian since the 1st millenium B.C. Jul 31 at 7:00 AM – Aug 2 at 11:30 PM UTC+04. The wall has been frequently identified with the Caspian Gates of Derbent, Russia (see below) and with the Pass of Dariel or Darial. Derbent is one of the oldest towns in the world, and the most ancient town of the Russian Federation, situated on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, on the spurs of the Tabasaran mountains of the Greater Caucasus, and standing at the closing point of the narrow beachside terrain known as the “Derbent Passage” or “Caspian Gates”. The author points to one more //58// geographical marker, Derbent Pass, called in the source under different terms: Djor Pass, Hun's Gates, and Caspian Gates (Sebeos, p. 164). It occupies a narrow strip of land beside the sea, from which it climbs up the steep heights inland. Derbent - district center in Dagestan, 121 km South-East of Makhachkala.. Derbent is situated on the shore of Caspian Sea, at a spurs of Tabasaran Mountains - a part of Great Caucasus. Derbent is a city in the Republic of Daghestan, Russia, located on the Caspian Sea... MORE. Persia Royalty-Free Stock Photo. It is the third biggest city in Dagestan and one of Russia’s oldest cities with a history that dates back to 3000 years. Derbent (in Persian “darband” means “narrow gates”) is a city in the Dagestan Republic located in the narrow pass between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus, the southernmost city in Russia.. Derbent is located in Russia’s Dagestan region, on the western coast of the Caspian Sea. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. Derbent overview. pin. clock. The gates were a popular subject in medieval travel literature, starting with the Alexander Romance in a version from perhaps the 6th century. The wall, also known as the Caspian Gates, has been identified with two locations: the Pass of Derbent, Russia, or with the Pass of Dariel, a gorge forming a pass between Russia and Georgia with the Caspian Sea to the east. km. Derbent (Russian: Дербе́нт dyeer-BEHNT) claims to be the oldest city in Russia with historical documentation, with a history stretching back more than 3,000 years.Occupied by the Arabs, Persians and later the Imperial Russian empire, the city is a UNESCO World Heritage site.This is the site of the quasi-historical "Gates of Alexander," and a massive fortress that overlooks the Caspian Sea Derbent has an important strategic location in the Caucasus: the city is situated on a narrow, 3-kilometre strip of land between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus mountains. This article is about the city in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia. It is located on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, on the foothills of the Tabasaran Mountains of the Greater Caucasus, and stands at the closing point of a narrow coastal strip known as the Derbent Passage or the Caspian Gates. With a history going back by five thousand years, Derbent is said to be Russia’s oldest city. 2001. The name Derbent derives from the Persian darband, meaning closed gate. ... We invite you to take a dip into history and visit the ancient city of Derbent (Gate of the Gates, as the Arabs called it), the medieval fortress villages of Goor and Kakhib, the ghost-town - Caucasian Machu Picchu - Gamsutl. It stands on a narrow strip of land between the Caucasian foothills and the Caspian Sea that forms a natural pass. Download preview It was in the position to control the traffic between Europe and the Middle East, and shield the prospering agricultural peoples of the Middle East from devastating raids of nomadic tribes from the steppes of … The town has a sea port, and a railway station on the line Makhachkala - Baku.It lies on the federal highway M29 (Rostov-na-Donu - Baku).The main attraction - the fortress complex of Derbent. A strategic fortress at the Iron Gates was established by the Persians in the late 5th or early 6th cent. Hide Map. It is also the southernmost city in Russia, and the second-most important city of Dagestan. Situated on the western shore of the Caspian Sea, it is also the closing point of a narrow coastal strip known as the Caspian Gates. For the district in Konya Province, Turkey, see Derbent, Konya. dictionary. Derbent - an ancient city on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Orchards and vineyards are cultivated. Derbent. It is the soothmaist ceety in Roushie, an it is the seicont maist important ceety o Dagestan. Ecotour. DERBENT or DERBEND, a town in the A.S.S.R. Derbent dyĭrbyĕnt´ , city (1989 pop. The Caspian Gates Exploring the most famous mountain valley of the ancient world. The wall, also known as the Caspian Gates, has been identified with two locations: the Pass of Derbent, Russia or with the Pass of Dariel, west of the Caspian Sea. Derbent. Derbent (English) Дербент (Russ New Collegiate Dictionary. It owes its rich history to its strategic position, along the travel route between Europe and the Middle East, on the border of Europe and Asia, where the mountains of the Caucasus almost arrive at the coast leaving a … 58 Possessions of the Huns in the “Armenian geography” of the 7th c. are also placed by the sea north of Derbent … Template:Infobox UNESCO World Heritage Site The Fortifications of Derbent are one of the fortified defense lines built by the Sasanian Empire to protect the eastern passage of the Caucasus Mountains (the "Caspian Gates") against the attacks of the nomadic peoples of the Pontic–Caspian steppe. Invite. Caspian Gates geographical name pass on W shore of Caspian Sea near Derbent. It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. Hosted by Ecotour.